Portal:Esperanto

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THE ESPERANTO PORTAL
La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.


Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with over 242,000 articles (as of October 14, 2017). About 151,000 users consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has 257,000 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 19 languages; a further four languages have at least 75 percent of the interface localized; 11 additional languages are in varying stages of completing the interface translation. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess at least a basic understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in the subsequent year, the number of learners more than doubled; the count now stands at 1.06 million.

Duolingo has developed a second Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. More than 226,000 students are currently beta-testing this course. As Chuck Smith, founder of the Esperanto Wikipedia, pointed out, this means that well over a million people are now learning Esperanto through the Duolingo interface. A third Esperanto course, to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development and is expected to be released to beta testing by the end of 2017; almost 25,000 people have pre-registered to take this course when it becomes available.

Picture of the month - October
Monata bildo - oktobro


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The Esperanto Braille Alphabet, a modified Braille alphabet adapted for Esperanto's unique 28-letter alphabet. The regular use of ĉ, ĝ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ, as well as the somewhat less frequent ĥ, is a distinct feature of Esperanto. The last four letters shown are not used when writing Esperanto, but q, w, x and y may occasionally appear in people's names or in foreign words.

Article of the month - October
Monata artikolo - oktobro

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Boris Kolker.

Boris Grigorevich Kolker (Борис Григорьевич Колкер, born July 15, 1939) is a language teacher, translator and advocate of the international language Esperanto. He was until 1993 a Soviet and Russian citizen and since then has been a resident and citizen of the United States. In 1985 he was awarded a Ph.D. in linguistics from the Institute of Linguistics of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in Moscow.

Kolker is a member of the Academy of Esperanto, an honorary member of the World Esperanto Association (Universala Esperanto Asocio) and an associate editor of the monthly magazine Monato. For two decades he headed a large-scale Esperanto correspondence course in Russia that graduated around 900 students. He also taught Esperanto at American universities in San Francisco and Hartford. Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - October
Monata vortlisto - oktobro

Days of the Week (tagoj de la semajno)

  • lundo meaning: "Monday"
  • mardo meaning: "Tuesday"
  • merkredo meaning: "Wednesday"
  • ĵaŭdo meaning: "Thursday"
  • vendredo meaning: "Friday"
  • sabato meaning: "Saturday"
  • dimanĉo meaning: "Sunday"

Grammar of the month - October
Monata gramatiko - oktobro

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In Esperanto adverbs (words that describe actions) are formed by changing the "-a" of an adjective to an "-e": rapida = "quick, fast", rapide = "quickly" La ĉevalo kuras rapide. = "The horse runs quickly."

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi


Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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