Hessian dialects

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Hessian
Hessisch
Native to Germany
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog hess1238[1]
Mitteldeutsche Mundarten.png
Central German dialects
  (4): Hessian

Hessian (German: Hessisch) is a West Central German group of dialects of the German language in the central German state of Hesse. The dialect most similar to Hessian is Palatinate German (Ger.: Pfälzisch, pronounced [ˈp͡fɛlt͡sɪʃ]) of the Rhine Franconian sub-family. However, the Hessian dialects have some features which set them somewhat apart from other West-Central German dialects.

Dialects[edit]

Hessian can be divided into four main dialects, namely those of:

To understand this division, one must consider the history of Hesse and the fact that this state is the result of an administrative reform.[2]

The urban regiolect of Frankfurt and the Rhine-Main area is based on the Southern Hesse dialect. In the Central Hessian dialect area, the Frankfurt regiolect is gradually replacing the traditional local dialects.

Southern Hessian[edit]

Changes to consonants[edit]

Consonants are often softened, as outlined by Carsten Keil in his document "A Quick Guide to the Language of Frankfurt". For instance the German "Äpfel" (apples) becomes "Ebbel" in Hessian.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Hessen Middle High German". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ The German Dialects, a practical approach, Wolfgang Näser, retrieved 19 July 2011
  3. ^ A Quick Guide to the Language of Frankfurt, Carsten Keil, retrieved 19 July 2011

External links[edit]