List of countries by suicide rate

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The following is a list of suicide rates by country according to 2015 data from the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources, in which a country's rank is determined by its total rate deaths officially recorded as suicides in the most recent available year. The WHO statistics are based on the official reports from each respective country, and therefore, no more accurate than the record-keeping in the specific country.

Incidence of suicide tends to be under-reported due to both cultural and social pressures,[citation needed] and possibly completely unreported in some areas. Since the data might be skewed, comparing suicide rates between nations is statistically unsound. For example, attempted suicide is illegal in Nepal and people who attempt suicide when caught are subject to imprisonment, fines or both; therefore, any suicide figures for Nepal will underestimate the incidence.[1]

Male and female suicide rates are out of total male population and total female population, respectively (i.e. total number of male suicides divided by total male population). The total rate of suicides is based on the total number of suicides divided by the total population, rather than merely the average of the male and female suicide rates, because the gender ratio in most countries is not 1:1. Most countries listed below report that males have a higher suicide rate than females. According to the WHO, Europe is the most suicidal continent in the entire world.[2][3]

List by the World Health Organization (2015)[edit]

Source: WHO (updated April 2017)[4]

Suicides per 100,000 people per year (age standardized)
Both sexes
rank
Country Both sexes Male
rank
Male Female
rank
Female Male to Female
ratio
1  Sri Lanka (more info) 34.6 1 58.8 9 13.3 4.42
2  Guyana (more info) 30.6 5 46.0 1 15.5 2.97
3  Mongolia 28.1 2 48.2 21 9.2 5.24
4  Kazakhstan (more info) 27.5 3 48.1 17 9.6 5.01
5  Cote d'Ivoire 27.2 8 38.8 3 14.4 2.69
6  Suriname 26.9 6 41.6 11 12.6 3.3
7  Equatorial Guinea 26.6 7 39.1 10 13.2 2.96
8  Lithuania (more info) 26.1 4 47.1 30 8.1 5.81
9  Angola 25.9 9 38.1 5 14.3 2.66
10  South Korea (more info) 24.1 10 36.1 8 13.4 2.69
11  Sierra Leone 22.1 16 29.7 2 14.7 2.02
12  Bolivia 20.5 21 26.7 3 14.4 1.85
13  Central African Republic 19.6 15 30.3 20 9.3 3.26
14  Belarus 19.1 11 35.0 81 5.4 6.48
15  Poland 18.5 12 32.7 93 4.9 6.67
16  Zimbabwe 18.0 20 26.9 12 10.3 2.61
17  Russia (more info) 17.9 13 32.2 72 5.6 5.75
17  Swaziland 17.9 18 27.3 17 9.6 2.84
19  Cameroon 17.5 19 27.1 26 8.5 3.19
20  Latvia 17.4 14 31.9 95 4.8 6.65
21  Ukraine (more info) 16.6 17 28.7 54 6.2 4.63
22  Burkina Faso 16.5 25 25.1 13 10.1 2.49
23  Belgium 16.1 30 23.4 23 9.1 2.57
24  India (more info) 16.0 65 17.9 7 14.2 1.26
25  Hungary 15.7 23 25.8 42 6.9 3.74
26  Japan (more info) 15.4 36 21.7 21 9.2 2.36
26  Togo 15.4 32 23.1 25 8.7 2.66
28  Uruguay 15.2 24 25.2 49 6.3 4.0
28  North Korea 15.2 72 17.3 6 14.3 1.21
30  Nigeria 15.1 42 20.3 14 9.9 2.05
31  Slovenia 15.0 26 24.5 60 6.0 4.08
31  Benin 15.0 33 22.7 28 8.4 2.7
33  Estonia 14.9 22 26.4 95 4.8 5.5
34  Kiribati 14.8 29 23.6 46 6.6 3.58
35  Finland 14.2 37 21.4 39 7.2 2.97
35  Chad 14.2 38 20.9 32 7.9 2.65
37  Laos 14.0 53 18.5 14 9.9 1.87
38  Argentina 13.9 28 23.7 95 4.8 4.94
39  Lesotho 13.6 45 19.9 29 8.2 2.43
40  Eritrea 13.2 30 23.4 81 5.4 4.33
40  Trinidad and Tobago 13.2 34 22.4 103 4.5 4.98
42  Burundi 13.0 42 20.3 49 6.3 3.22
43  Mozambique (more info) 12.9 41 20.5 43 6.7 3.06
Africa 12.8 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
44  Ethiopia 12.8 39 20.7 72 5.6 3.7
44  Cambodia 12.8 65 17.9 26 8.5 2.11
46  Thailand 12.7 58 18.2 33 7.7 2.36
46  Sweden 12.7 68 17.8 35 7.6 2.34
48  Uganda 12.6 56 18.3 35 7.6 2.41
48  United States (more info) 12.6 46 19.5 66 5.8 3.36
48  Rwanda 12.6 27 24.3 119 3.5 6.94
48  Botswana 12.6 46 19.5 54 6.2 3.15
52  Moldova 12.5 35 22.3 112 3.9 5.72
52  Gabon 12.5 60 18.1 40 7.0 2.59
54  Comoros 12.3 74 17.2 31 8.0 2.15
54  France (more info) 12.3 51 19.0 64 5.9 3.22
54  New Zealand 12.3 52 18.7 49 6.3 2.97
54  South Africa 12.3 39 20.7 90 5.1 4.06
58  Democratic Republic of the Congo 12.2 72 17.3 38 7.3 2.37
59  Bhutan (more info) 12.1 100 13.9 14 9.9 1.4
59  Serbia 12.1 46 19.5 77 5.5 3.55
59  Croatia 12.1 49 19.2 69 5.7 3.37
 Europe 11.9 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
62  Papua New Guinea 11.9 60 18.1 64 5.9 3.07
62  Congo 11.9 65 17.9 58 6.1 2.93
62  Cape Verde 11.9 53 18.5 40 7.0 2.64
65  Iceland 11.8 74 17.2 49 6.3 2.73
65  Senegal 11.8 44 20.2 86 5.2 3.88
67  Austria 11.7 53 18.5 84 5.3 3.49
67  Haiti 11.7 70 17.7 60 6.0 2.95
69  Gambia 11.6 87 15.5 33 7.7 2.01
70  Sudan 11.4 78 16.6 49 6.3 2.63
70  Guinea 11.4 87 15.5 37 7.5 2.07
72  Zambia 11.2 58 18.2 91 5.0 3.64
72  Bulgaria 11.2 56 18.3 95 4.8 3.81
72  Micronesia 11.2 85 15.7 43 6.7 2.34
75  Ireland 11.1 63 18.0 108 4.2 4.29
76  Tanzania 11.0 79 16.5 66 5.8 2.84
76  El Salvador 11.0 49 19.2 106 4.4 4.36
76  Maldives 11.0 110 13.1 24 8.9 1.47
79  Ghana 10.9 68 17.8 112 3.9 4.56
80  Malawi 10.8 63 18.0 95 4.8 3.75
80  Djibouti 10.8 90 15.4 48 6.5 2.37
World 10.7 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
82   Switzerland 10.7 87 15.5 60 6.0 2.58
83  Czech Republic 10.6 70 17.7 112 3.9 4.54
84  Kenya 10.5 76 17.1 103 4.5 3.8
84  Cuba 10.5 77 17.0 108 4.2 4.05
84  Mali 10.5 95 14.5 43 6.7 2.16
87  Australia 10.4 91 15.3 72 5.6 2.73
87  Canada (more info) 10.4 91 15.3 72 5.6 2.73
87  Namibia 10.4 80 16.4 77 5.5 2.98
90  Turkmenistan 10.3 84 15.8 86 5.2 3.04
90  Liberia 10.3 82 16.1 93 4.9 3.29
92  Slovakia 9.9 60 18.1 141 2.5 7.24
92  Paraguay 9.9 102 13.7 58 6.1 2.25
94  Nicaragua 9.8 83 15.9 108 4.2 3.79
94  Mauritania 9.8 95 14.5 69 5.7 2.54
96  South Sudan 9.6 97 14.3 81 5.4 2.65
97  Guinea-Bissau 9.5 104 13.6 66 5.8 2.34
98  Solomon Islands 9.4 102 13.7 91 5.0 2.74
98  Netherlands 9.4 111 12.9 60 6.0 2.15
98  Timor-Leste 9.4 109 13.2 72 5.6 2.36
98  Yemen 9.4 114 12.6 54 6.2 2.03
102  Norway 9.3 111 12.9 69 5.7 2.26
103  Romania 9.2 80 16.4 141 2.5 6.56
103  Uzbekistan 9.2 104 13.6 86 5.2 2.62
Americas 9.1 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Western Pacific 9.1 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
105  Chile 9.1 91 15.3 125 3.3 4.64
105  Germany 9.1 100 13.9 103 4.5 3.09
105  Denmark 9.1 106 13.5 101 4.7 2.87
108  Fiji 8.9 106 13.5 107 4.3 3.14
109  Mauritius 8.8 99 14.0 116 3.7 3.78
110  Montenegro 8.7 118 12.4 84 5.3 2.34
110  Seychelles 8.7 85 15.7 158 1.9 8.26
112  Somalia 8.6 113 12.7 95 4.8 2.65
112  Turkey 8.6 114 12.6 101 4.7 2.68
112  Singapore 8.6 121 11.9 77 5.5 2.16
115  Luxembourg 8.5 123 11.6 86 5.2 2.23
115  Portugal 8.5 97 14.3 116 3.7 3.86
115  China (more info) 8.5 146 7.7 19 9.5 0.811
115  Niger 8.5 124 11.5 77 5.5 2.09
119  Belize 8.3 94 14.7 153 2.0 7.35
120  Kyrgyzstan 8.2 108 13.4 122 3.4 3.94
121  Madagascar 8.0 117 12.5 112 3.9 3.21
122  Ecuador 7.6 124 11.5 116 3.7 3.11
123  United Kingdom (more info) 7.4 122 11.7 129 3.2 3.66
124  Costa Rica 7.3 114 12.6 153 2.0 6.3
124  Dominican Republic 7.3 119 12.2 139 2.6 4.69
126    Nepal (more info) 7.2 142 8.2 54 6.2 1.32
126  Vietnam 7.2 127 11.3 122 3.4 3.32
128  Afghanistan 7.1 128 10.9 130 3.1 3.52
129  Samoa 7.0 126 11.4 136 2.8 4.07
129  Vanuatu 7.0 129 10.8 125 3.3 3.27
131  Bahrain 6.9 135 9.5 132 2.9 3.28
132  Saint Lucia 6.7 120 12.0 164 1.6 7.5
133  Malaysia 6.5 135 9.5 122 3.4 2.79
134  Republic of Macedonia 6.4 132 9.9 130 3.1 3.19
135  Bangladesh (more info) 6.0 161 5.3 46 6.6 0.803
135  Brazil 6.0 134 9.6 138 2.7 3.56
135  Colombia 6.0 130 10.1 150 2.1 4.81
135  Spain 6.0 137 9.4 132 2.9 3.24
135  Peru 6.0 138 9.2 132 2.9 3.17
135  Libya 6.0 138 9.2 136 2.8 3.29
141  Qatar 5.7 147 7.3 170 1.2 6.08
142  Panama 5.6 130 10.1 173 1.1 9.18
143  Israel 5.4 140 8.7 147 2.3 3.78
143  Italy 5.4 140 8.7 148 2.2 3.95
143  Tunisia 5.4 151 6.7 111 4.1 1.63
146  Georgia 5.3 133 9.7 166 1.5 6.47
147  Morocco 5.2 150 7.0 119 3.5 2.0
148  Malta 5.0 142 8.2 153 2.0 4.1
148  Mexico 5.0 144 8.1 150 2.1 3.86
150  Tajikistan 4.9 148 7.2 141 2.5 2.88
151  Oman 4.8 153 6.4 153 2.0 3.2
152  Armenia 4.6 145 8.0 161 1.8 4.44
153  Myanmar 4.5 154 5.9 125 3.3 1.79
154  Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.4 149 7.1 159 1.9 3.74
Eastern Mediterranean 4.3 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
155  Honduras 4.2 155 5.8 139 2.6 2.23
156  Iraq 4.1 169 4.8 119 3.5 1.37
156  Kuwait 4.1 157 5.7 150 2.1 2.71
156  Tonga 4.1 166 5.1 125 3.3 1.55
159  Cyprus 3.9 151 6.7 176 1.0 6.7
159  Jordan 3.9 161 5.3 144 2.4 2.21
159  Saudi Arabia 3.9 158 5.5 148 2.2 2.5
162  Albania 3.8 161 5.3 144 2.4 2.21
162  Philippines 3.8 155 5.8 159 1.9 3.05
164  Iran 3.6 172 4.2 132 2.9 1.45
165  Greece 3.2 159 5.4 170 1.2 4.5
165  Syria 3.2 165 5.2 170 1.2 4.33
167  Venezuela 3.1 159 5.4 173 1.1 4.91
167  Algeria 3.1 167 5.0 168 1.3 3.85
167  Egypt 3.1 170 4.5 161 1.8 2.5
167  Azerbaijan 3.1 161 5.3 173 1.1 4.82
167  Lebanon 3.1 174 4.0 153 2.0 2.0
172  Indonesia 3.0 170 4.5 164 1.6 2.81
173  United Arab Emirates 2.8 175 3.6 177 0.9 4.0
174  Guatemala 2.7 172 4.2 166 1.5 2.8
175  Sao Tome and Principe 2.6 175 3.6 163 1.7 2.12
175  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.6 168 4.9 179 0.4 12.2
177  Pakistan 2.5 179 2.5 144 2.4 1.04
178  Bahamas 1.6 177 2.9 180 0.4 7.25
179  Brunei 1.4 180 1.4 168 1.3 1.08
179  Jamaica 1.4 178 2.6 181 0.3 8.67
181  Grenada 0.4 182 0.0 178 0.5 0
182  Barbados 0.3 181 0.5 182 0.1 5.0
183  Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 182 0.0 183 0.0 NC

List by other sources and years (1985–2017)[edit]

Suicides per 100,000 people per year[5]
Rank Country Male Female Average Year
1  Greenland[6][7][8] (more info) 116.9 45.0 83.0 (0.0830%) 2011
2  Lithuania[9] (more info) 65.1 12.4 36.7 (0.0367%) 2013
3  South Korea[10] (more info) 37.5 15.5 26.5 (0.0265%) 2015
4  Guyana[11] (more info) 39.0 13.4 26.4 (0.0264%) 2006
5  Kazakhstan[11] (more info) 43.0 9.4 25.6 (0.0256%) 2008
6  Slovenia[12] 34.6 9.4 21.8 (0.0218%) 2011
7  Sri Lanka[13] (more info) 34.8 9.24 21.3 (0.0213%) 2011
8  Hungary[14] 21.1 (0.0211%) 2013
9  Japan[15] (more info) 28.2 12.3 20.1 (0.0201%) 2014
10  Ukraine[16] (more info) 19.8 (0.0198%) 2012
11  Latvia[17] 19.0 (0.0190%) 2013
12  Belarus[18] 18.4 (0.0184%) 2014
13  Moldova 17.6 (0.0176%) 2008
14  Serbia[19] 24.9 9.0 17.3 (0.0173%) 2011
15  Belgium[20][note 1][21][note 2] 17.0 (0.0170%) 2009
17  Uruguay[22] 16.5 (0.0165%) 2012
18  Croatia[23] 16.3 (0.0163%) 2013
19  Bhutan[24] (more info) 16.2 (0.0162%) 2011
20  Russia[25] (more info) 15.6 (0.0156%) 2016
21  Austria 23.8 7.1 15.45 (0.01545%) 2009
22  South Africa[26] 15.4 (0.0154%) 2005
23  Taiwan[27] 20.5 9.7 15.1 (0.0151%) 2011
24  Estonia[28] 27.3 4.5 14.8 (0.0148%) 2010
25  France[28] (more info) 22.8 7.4 14.7 (0.0147%) 2010
26  Suriname 23.9 4.8 14.4 (0.0144%) 2005
 Finland[29] 22.3 6.9 14.4 (0.0144%) 2014
 Europe[30] 23.1 5.8 14.2 (0.0142%) 2008
29  Poland 13.8 (0.0138%) 2017
30  Bosnia and Herzegovina[31] 13.6 (0.0136%) 2012
31  Czech Republic 12.8 (0.0128%) 2010
32  United States[32] (more info) 20.2 5.5 12.6 (0.0126%) 2013
33  Germany[33] 18.9 6.4 12.5 (0.0125%) 2013
34  Cuba 19.0 5.5 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 Bulgaria 18.8 6.2 12.3 (0.0123%) 2008
 New Zealand[34][35] 19.0 5.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2014–15
 Hong Kong[36] 16.2 8.8 12.3 (0.0123%) 2011
38  Sweden[37] 17.3 6.9 12.0 (0.0120%) 2012
 Portugal[21][38] 20 4.0 12.0 (0.0120%) 2015
40  Romania 20.8 3.7 11.9 (0.0119%) 2009
 Norway 14.0 5.0 11.9 (0.0119%) 2012
42  United Kingdom[39] (more info) 18.2 5.1 11.8 (0.0118%) 2011
43  Canada[40] (more info) 16.9 5.3 11.5 (0.0115%) 2009
44  Iceland[41] 18.3 4.6 11.3 (0.0113%) 2009
45  Chile 18.2 4.2 11.2 (0.0112%) 2007
46   Switzerland[42] 17 5.8 11.2 (0.0112%) 2011
47  Netherlands[21] 18.0 6.0 12.0 (0.0012%) 2015
48  Trinidad and Tobago 17.9 3.8 10.7 (0.0107%) 2006
49  India (more info) 13.0 7.8 10.5 (0.0105%) 2009
50  Ireland[43] 17.4 3.4 10.3 (0.0103%) 2013
 Singapore[44] 13.3 7.3 10.3 (0.0103%) 2012
52  Australia[45] 12.0 (0.012%) 2014
53  Slovakia[21] 17.4 2.8 9.9 (0.0099%) 2011
54 China China[46] (more info) 9.8 (0.0098%) 2014
55  Kyrgyzstan 14.1 3.6 8.8 (0.0088%) 2009
56  Turkmenistan 13.8 3.5 8.6 (0.0086%) 1998
57  Spain[47] 12.7 4.1 8.3 (0.0083%) 2013
58  Republic of Macedonia[21] 12.6 3.9 8.0 (0.008%) 2009
 El Salvador 12.9 3.6 8.0 (0.008%) 2008
59  Italy 12.7 3.8 8.0 (0.0080%) 2016
60  Zimbabwe 10.6 5.2 7.9 (0.0079%) 1990
61  Luxembourg[21] 13.2 2.9 7.8 (0.0078%) 2008
62  Argentina 12.6 3.0 7.7 (0.0077%) 2008
63  Ecuador 10.5 3.6 7.1 (0.0071%) 2009
64  Mauritius 11.8 1.9 6.8 (0.0068%) 2008
65  Costa Rica 10.2 1.9 6.1 (0.0061%) 2009
66  Thailand[48] 9.7 2.58 6.03 (0.0613%) 2013
67  Mongolia 8.6 3.1 5.85 (0.0058%) 2011
68  Israel[49] 9.9 2.1 5.8 (0.0058%) 2007
 Nicaragua 9.0 2.6 5.8 (0.0058%) 2006
70  Panama 9.0 1.9 5.5 (0.0055%) 2008
71  Colombia 7.9 2.0 4.9 (0.0049%) 2007
72  Brazil 7.7 2.0 4.8 (0.0048%) 2008
 Iran[50][51] 3.9 2.1 4.8 (0.0048%) 2013
74  Uzbekistan 7.0 2.3 4.7 (0.0047%) 2005
75  Cambodia 4.6 (0.0046%) 2008
76  Georgia 7.1 1.7 4.3 (0.0043%) 2009
77  Turkey[52] 4.19 (0.00419%) 2013
78  Albania[53] 4.7 3.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2003
 Mexico 6.8 1.3 4.0 (0.004%) 2008
80  Honduras[54] 3.84 (0.00384%) 2011
81  Bahrain 4.0 3.5 3.8 (0.0038%) 2006
82  Belize 6.6 0.7 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 5.4 1.9 3.7 (0.0037%) 2008
84  Paraguay 5.1 2.0 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
 Cyprus[21] 5.9 1.3 3.6 (0.0036%) 2009
 Guatemala 5.6 1.7 3.6 (0.0036%) 2008
87  Barbados 7.3 0.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2006
 Greece 6.1 1.0 3.5 (0.0035%) 2009
89  Malta 5.9 1.0 3.4 (0.0034%) 2008
90  Venezuela 5.3 1.2 3.2 (0.0032%) 2007
91  Philippines[55] 4.5 1.0 2.75 (0.00275%) 2005
92  Tajikistan 2.9 2.3 2.6 (0.0026%) 2001
93  Saint Lucia 4.9 0.0 2.4 (0.0024%) 2005
94  Dominican Republic 3.9 0.7 2.3 (0.0023%) 2005
95  Armenia 2.8 1.1 1.9 (0.0019%) 2008
96  Kuwait 1.9 1.7 1.8 (0.0018%) 2009
97  The Bahamas 1.9 0.6 1.2 (0.0012%) 2005
98  Pakistan[56] 1.45 0.71 1.10 (0.0011%) 2012
99  Peru 1.1 0.6 0.9 (0.0009%) 2000
 São Tomé and Príncipe 0.0 1.8 0.9 (0.0009%) 1987
101  Azerbaijan 1.0 0.3 0.6 (0.0006%) 2007
102  Maldives 0.7 0.0 0.3 (0.0003%) 2005
103  Jamaica 0.3 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1990
 Syria 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 1985
 Jordan[57] 0.2 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2008
 Egypt 0.1 0.0 0.1 (0.0001%) 2009
107  Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2008
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Antigua and Barbuda 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 1995
 Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003
   Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 (0%) 2003

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Recently released figures by official Belgian authorities suggest a considerably higher rate of 17.0 persons (total) per 100,000 people per annum in 2009 (5,712 cases in a population of 10,749,000 (=10,666,866 as of 1 January 2008 increasing by 0,77% per annum.) as of 1 January 2009)."Toenemend aantal zelfdodingen in Belgie" (in Dutch). 2011. 
  2. ^ The number of death in Belgium in 2008 due to suicide "zichzelf schade toebrengen" was reported at 2000 out of a total of 103.760 death. These death comprise 1453 men and 547 women. This puts the suicide rate at about 19 per 100.000. See statbel: http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/binaries/NL%20-%20Tableau%201%2E3_T_2008_tcm325-168456.pdf
  • The updated figure of suicide rates in Belgium for 2011 is 2,084 on a total population of 10,933,607, equivalent to 18.96 per 100,000 inhabitants (source: Het Nieuwsblad, 10 April 2014).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Suicide prevention in Nepal: a comparison to Australia—a personal view". US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. PMC 2777576Freely accessible. 
  2. ^ "Suicide rates per (100 000 population)". World Health Organization. 
  3. ^ "Suicide rate is highest in Europe: UN health agency report". euronews. 18 May 2017. 
  4. ^ "Suicide rates, age standardized - Data by country". World Health Organization. 2015. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  5. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: "Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". World Health Organization. 2011. Archived from the original on 22 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  6. ^ "The Suicide Capital of the World". Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Rising suicide rate baffles Greenland". Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "StatBank Greenland - Suicide by methode, place, age, time and sex [SUELDM2]". 
  9. ^ "Savižudybių statistika;". Valstybinis psichikos sveikatos centras. Retrieved 2013-09-09. 
  10. ^ "2015년 사망원인 통계" (in Korean). 통계청. 2015. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  11. ^ a b Värnik, P. (2012). "Suicide in the World". International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 9 (12): 760–71. PMC 3367275Freely accessible. PMID 22690161. doi:10.3390/ijerph9030760. 
  12. ^ Unless otherwise stated all statistics are from WHO: "Suicide rates per 100,000 by country, year and sex (Table)". Statistični urad Republike Slovenije. 2011. Archived from the original on 22 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  13. ^ "Age and sex specific suicide rates in Sri Lanka from 1995-2011". Sri Lanka Journal of Psychiatry. December 2012. doi:10.4038/sljpsyc.v3i2.5131. 
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